Exercise Reduces Risk of Type 2 Diabetes, Studies Show

Risk of type 2 diabetes: Being physically active can help reduce the risk of developing type 2. A recent study on diabetes care has revealed that women who get additional measures have a lower risk of developing diabetes, compared to more sedentary women. 1 and a study in the magazine Metabolites revealed that men who are more active have a more active risk of type 2 diabetes development compared to men who are more sedentary.

“It seems that physical activity significantly changes the body’s metabolite profile, and many of these changes are associated with a risk of type 2 diabetes”, explains Maria Lankinen, doctorate, scientific researcher, Institute of the Public health and clinical nutrition at the University of East Finland and one of the study researchers published in metabolites. “Increased physical activity has also improved insulin secretion.”

About the Step Study

The study published in Diabetes Care focused on 4,838 older women (median age of 78.9) without diabetes, which was followed up for 6.9 years. Their steps have been monitored by accelerometers to take into account the number of stages and the intensity of the stages, which have been labeled as an intensity of light or a moderate intensity to vigorous.

“This study has shown that taking additional measures in a day was associated with a lower risk of diabetes in the elderly,” said the main author Alexis C. Garduno, a third-year student at the University of California San Diego and San Diego State University Doctoral Program in Public Health.

Risk of type 2 diabetes

For older women, each increment of 2,000 stages/day was associated with a danger rate of 12% of type 2 diabetes after adjustment.

“For diabetes in older adults, our resultsĀ Risk of type 2 diabetes indicate that moderate-intensity stages were more strongly associated with a lower risk of diabetes than the stages of light intensity,” adds John Bellettiere, Ph.D., professor of family medicine and public health at UC San Diego and a co-author on the study.

Dr. Bellettiere adds that in the same cohort of elderly women, the team studied cardiovascular disease, the invalidity of mobility, and mortality.

“For each of these results, the activity of light intensity was important for prevention, while in each case, a moderate activity at a vigorous intensity was always better,” said Dr. Bellettiere.

About the Metabolites Study

The study on physical activity in men has used data from 8,749 men enrolled in the metabolic syndrome of the cohort of men (METSIM) in Finland. Their median age was 58 years old. Men had no diabetes at the start and were followed for 7.8 years to re-evaluate diabetes. Physical activity levels have been determined through questionnaires that have assessed the frequency at which men exercised each week.

“Participants who were more physically active had a healthier metabolite profile and a lower risk of type 2 diabetes than less active participants physically”, said the principal investigator, Dr. Lankinen.

Men who have done more physical activity had a risk of type 2 diabetes less than 39%, compared to physically inactive men. The results also revealed that an increase in physical activity was associated with increased insulin sensitivity and insulin secretion.

How Does Exercise Impact Diabetes Risk?

Studies show that regular physical activity reduces the risk of resistance to insulin, metabolic syndrome, and type 2. Insulin sensitivity and body capacity to regulate blood sugar levels also improve through ‘physical activity.

There are different types of exercises and all are beneficial to preventing type 2. Aerobic activity, such as walking or swimming, and strength training, such as weight lifting, can both train improvements in blood sugar regulation.

How Much Exercise is Needed?

The current recommendations of physical activity to prevent type 2 diabetes last at least 150 minutes per week at moderate intensity, explains Dr. Lankinen.

“However, in our study, the most physically active participants had regular physical activity at least 90 min per week and we have always been able to see the health benefits compared to those who had physical activity only from time to time Or not, “she adds.

Likewise, in the study of diabetes care in elderly women, researchers found that the simple fact of walking in the block was considered an activity of moderate intensity in this age cohort.1.1

“It is because, as people age, the energy cost of activity becomes higher, which means that it requires more efforts to make a given movement,” explains Dr. Bellettiere. “For an adult of middle age in good health, this same walk in the block would be considered a light activity.”

Overall, Dr. Lankinen said to pay more attention to the regularity of physical activity in your daily life, the Risk of type 2 diabetes rather than the minutes or the type of exercise. It is always important to choose activities you love, so you are more likely to continue.

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